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双语阅读:人类对汪星人的十大误解,英语 英语阅读


Myth #1: Dogs have a human appreciation of sharing


Humans can rationalize and appreciate the benefits of sharing. In contrast, among dogs, possession is ten-tenths of the law.


So we should not take toys, bones and chews away from dogs unless we have trained them to accept this form of intervention.


Myth #2: Dogs always enjoy common human physical displays of affection


Humans often show their affection for others by hugging and cuddling them. Dogs simply do not have the limbs and joints to achieve this and so have not evolved to give each other a loving squeeze.


When embraced by humans, many can find this uncomfortable or threatening. The same goes for patting dogs on the head.


Myth #3: Barking and growling dogs are always threatening or dangerous


These are distance-increasing behaviors. The dogs using these signals are chiefly trying to buy space so they can feel safer. All dogs, regardless of their temperament or training, can at times want more space.


They usually try more subtle signalling first, but many dogs learn that subtle signals don't work and go straight for shouting.


Myth #4: Dogs will welcome unfamiliar dogs to their home


Dogs evolved from wolves and are therefore primed to defend what is theirs. They have an attachment to their home territory and the resources within it. Dogs have no way of knowing that the dogs and human we invite around to our home, for example for a play-date, are ever going to leave. They can be forgiven for thinking that this is the way it is going to be from hereon.


So it is to be expected that they will often try to lay out the local ground-rules and put the new arrivals in their place.


Myth #5: Dogs like relaxing as much as humans do


We go to work and go to school, so we greatly value the opportunity to chill out at home and maybe watch TV. In contrast, dogs spend most of their time at home and so value exercise off the property far more than time spent on the sofa.


Myth #6: An effusive dog is a friendly dog


"Friendly" for one dog is not friendly for all dogs, and some dogs use excessive friendliness as a way to alleviate anxiety associated with meeting another dog or human.


Owners of very friendly dogs may be surprised when every other dog does not cheerfully receive their dog. Some dogs prefer sedate greetings, and lots of personal space.


Myth #7: Dogs approach when they want to engage playfully


Sometimes owners are confused when a dog approaches a human or another dog in a friendly fashion and then growls or snaps at them.


These dogs may be motivated to approach chiefly to gain information, rather than to interact, and some may like strangers in principle, but nevertheless become anxious and overwhelmed all of a sudden.


If you are seeing this pattern, call your dog away from new dogs and humans after a couple of seconds.


Myth #8: A big yard can replace walks


Because dogs spend so much time at home in the yard, they often find the area a little too familiar and sometimes rather dull. The size of a yard is far less important to dogs than what happens in it.


Dogs truly thrive on play with each other, with us and with toys. They particularly love to do so in a novel environment, so time spent out of the yard is the very best of fun.


Myth #9: Dogs are wilfully defiant when they don't do as they are told